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International Standards and Testing Applicable to Batteries

 

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"The great thing about standards is that there are so many to choose from." - Anon.

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National and international standards organisations were set up to facilitate trade by encouraging greater product interoperability and compatibility as well as setting standards for acceptable product safety, quality and reliability.

Below are listed some of the most common standards applicable to battery applications and some of the organisations who issue them and or carry out quality assurance and conformance testing. In Europe, European standards are gradually being adopted in replacement of the previous national standards.

 

Copies of the relevant standards can be obtained directly from the issuing organisations or from public libraries.

 

Standards and Safety Testing Organisations

 

Published Standards

General Standards

Lithium Batteries

Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries

Nickel Cadmium Batteries

Lead Acid Batteries

Photovoltaic Batteries

Safety Standards

Automotive Batteries

Aircraft Batteries

Military Standards

Radio Battery Standards

Standby Power Systems Standards

Software Standards

EMC/RFI Standards

Ingress Protection (IP) Standards

Battery Monitoring Standards

Recycling and Disposal Standards

Other Related Electrical Standards

Quality Standards

 

See also the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) for the importance of standards.

 

Standards Setting and Safety Testing Organisations
Abbreviation Name
AENOR Asociación Española de Normalización y Certificación (Spain)
ANSI American National Standards Institute sponsored by NEMA
AS Australian Standard
ASE Association Suisse des Electriciens (Swiss)
ASQC American Society for Quality Control
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
ATEX Explosive Atmospheres (Safety directive)
BCI Battery Council International (Publishes Automotive Battery Standards)
BS British Standards
CARB California Air Resources Board (Automotive Emission Standards)
CE Conformance with EU directives
CEN European Committee for Normalisation (Standards Committee)
CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation
CISPA International Special Committee on Radio Interference
CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology (Committee of ICSU)
CSA Canadian Standards Association
DEF Defence Standards (UK)
DEMKO Danmarks Electriske Materielkontrol (Denmark)
DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung (German Institute for Standardisation)
ECE Economic Commission for Europe regulations.
EIA Electronics Industry Association (USA)
EN European Norms (Standards)
FCC Federal Communications Commission (USA)
FIMKO Finnish Electrical Inspectorate
FIPA Foundation for Intelligent Physical Agents (Interoperability standards)
GB Guo Biao = National Standard (People's Republic of China)
HSE Health & Safety Executive (UK)
ICSU International Council for Science
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEE Institution of Electrical Engineers (UK)
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (USA)
IMQ Instituto Italiano del Marchio de Qualitá
IP Ingress Protection
ISO International Standards Organisation
ITU International Telecommunications Union
JIS Japanese Industrial Standard
KEMA Keuring van Elektrotechnishe Materialen (Netherlands)
KIST Korean Institute of Standards and Technology
MIL Military Standards (USA)
MISRA Motor Industry Software Reliability Association (UK)
MVEG Motor Vehicle Emission Group (EU Emission standards)
NAMAS National Measurement Accreditation Service (UK Calibration)
NEMA National Electric Manufacturers Association (USA)
NEMKO Norges Electriske Materiellkontroll (Norway)
NF Norme Française (France)
NFPA National Fire Protection Association (USA)
NIJ National Institute of Justice (USA)
OSHA US Department of Labor - Occupational Safety & Health Administration
OVE Osterreichischer Verband für Elektrotechnik (Austria)
PowerNet Automotive 42 Volt Battery Standard
RESNA Rehabilitation Engineering & Assistive Technology Society of North America
SAE Society of Automotive Engineers (USA)
SEMKO Svenska Elektriska Materielcontrollanstalten (Sweden)
SEV Schweitzerischer Elektrotechnische Verein (Swiss)
STANAG NATO Standards Agreements
STRD DTI Standards and Technical Regulations Directorate (UK)
TIA Telecommunications Industry Association (USA)
TR Technical Report (Used by IEC)
TÜV TÜV Rheinland Group (TUV - Technical Inspection Asssociation)
UKAS UK Accreditation Service (Assessment of test services)/(Calibration)
UL Underwriters Laboratories Requirements (USA)
USABC United States Advanced Battery Consortium
USNEC United States National Electrical Code
UTE Union Technique de l'Electriciteé (France)
VDE Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker (Germany)

 

 

General Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
IEC 60050 International electrotechnical vocabulary. Chapter 486: Secondary cells and batteries.
IEC 60086-1, BS 387
Primary Batteries - General
IEC 60086-2, BS Batteries - General
ANSI C18.1M Portable Primary Cells and Batteries with Aqueous Electrolyte - General and Specifications
ANSI C18.2M Portable Rechargeable Cells and Batteries - General and Specifications
ANSI C18.3M Portable Lithium Primary Cells and Batteries - General and Specifications
UL 2054 Safety of Commercial and Household Battery Packs - Testing
IEEE 1625 Standard for Rechargeable Batteries for Mobile Computers
USNEC Article 480 Storage Batteries
ISO 9000 A series of quality management systems standards created by the ISO. They are not specific to products or services, but apply to the processes that create them.
ISO 9001: 2000 Model for quality assurance in design, development, production, installation and servicing.
ISO 14000 A series of environmental management systems standards created by the ISO.
ISO/IEC/EN 17025 General Requirements for the Competence of Calibration and Testing Laboratories
Lithium Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
BS 2G 239:1992 Specification for primary active lithium batteries for use in aircraft
BS EN 60086-4:2000, IEC 60086-4:2000 Primary batteries. Safety standard for lithium batteries
BS EN 61960-1:2001, IEC 61960-1:2000 Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications. Secondary lithium cells
BS EN 61960-2:2002, IEC 61960-2:2001 Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications. Secondary lithium batteries
02/208497 DC IEC 61960. Ed.1. Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications
02/209100 DC IEC 62281. Ed.1. Safety of primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries during transport
BS G 239:1987 Specification for primary active lithium batteries for use in aircraft
BS EN 60086-4:1996, IEC 60086-4:1996 Primary batteries. Safety standard for lithium batteries
UL 1642 Safety of Lithium-Ion Batteries - Testing
GB /T18287-2000 Chinese National Standard for Lithium Ion batteries for mobile phones

ST/SG/AC.10/27/

Add.2

United Nations recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods
Nickel Metal Hydride Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
BS EN 61436:1998, IEC 61436:1998 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Sealed nickel-metal hydride rechargeable single cells
BS EN 61808:2001, IEC 61808:1999 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Sealed nickel-metal hydride button rechargeable single cells
BS EN 61951-2:2001, IEC 61951-2:2001 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Portable sealed rechargeable single cells. Nickel-metal hydride
BS EN 61951-2:2003 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Portable sealed rechargeable single cells. Nickel-metal hydride
96/216533 DC IEC 1808. Sealed nickel-metal hydride button rechargeable single cells (IEC Document 21A/207/CD)
97/204158 DC IEC 1441. Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. User-replaceable batteries containing more than one sealed nickel-metal hydride rechargeable cell for consumer electronic applications (21A/212/CD)
00/246138 DC BS EN 61436 Ed 2. Sealed nickel-metal hydride rechargeable single cells (IEC Document 21A/303/CD)
GB/T18288-2000 Chinese National Standard for Nickel Metal Hydride batteries for mobile phones
Nickel Cadmium Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
BS EN 1175-1:1998 Safety of industrial trucks. Electrical requirements. General requirements for battery powered trucks
BS EN 2570:1996 Nickel-cadmium batteries. Technical specification
BS EN 2985:1996 Nickel-cadmium batteries of format A type
BS EN 2986:1996 Nickel-cadmium batteries of format B type
BS EN 2987:1996 Nickel-cadmium batteries of format C type
BS EN 2988:1996 Nickel-cadmium batteries of format D type
BS EN 2991:1996 Nickel-cadmium batteries of format E type
BS EN 2993:1996 Nickel-cadmium batteries of format F type
BS EN 60285:1995, IEC 60285:1993 Alkaline secondary cells and batteries. Sealed nickel-cadmium cylindrical rechargeable single cells
BS EN 60622:1996 Sealed nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells
BS EN 60622:2003 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Sealed nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells
BS EN 60623:1996, IEC 60623:1990 Vented nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells
BS EN 60623:2001, IEC 60623:2001 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Vented nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells
BS EN 60993:2002 Electrolyte for vented nickel-cadmium cells
BS EN 61150:1994, IEC 61150:1992 Alkaline secondary cells and batteries. Sealed nickel-cadmium rechargeable monobloc batteries in button cell design
BS EN 61440:1998, IEC 61440:1997 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Sealed nickel-cadmium small prismatic rechargeable single cells
BS EN 61951-1:2001, IEC 61951-1:2001 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Portable sealed rechargeable single cells. Nickel-cadmium
BS EN 61951-1:2003 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Portable sealed rechargeable single cells. Nickel-cadmium
BS EN 62259:2004 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Nickel-cadmium prismatic secondary single cells with partial gas recombination
94/216281 DC Guide to the equipment manufacturers and users of alkaline secondary cells and batteries on possible safety and health hazards. Part 1:Nickel-cadmium. (21A/163/CD)
96/203612 DC IEC 1914. Technical report type 2. Alternative publication for vented nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells (IEC Document 21A/186/CDV)
98/203520 DC IEC 61959-1, ED.1. Mechanical tests for sealed portable alkaline secondary cells and batteries. Part 1. Secondary cells IEC DOCUMENT 21A/239/CD
01/202968 DC BS EN 60285. Ed.4. Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Sealed nickel-cadmium cylindrical rechargeable single cells
BS 5932:1980 Specification for sealed nickel-cadmium cylindrical rechargeable single cells
BS 6115:1981 Specification for sealed nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells
BS 6260:1982 Specification for open nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells
BS 3G 205:1983 Specification for lead-acid and nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries
GB/T18289-2000 Chinese National Standard for Nickel Cadmium batteries for mobile phones
Lead Acid Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
IEC/TR3 61431:1995 Guide for use of monitor systems for lead-acid traction batteries
IEC/TR 62060:2001 Monitoring of lead-acid stationary batteries User guide
BS 3031:1996 Specification for sulfuric acid used in lead-acid batteries
BS 4974:1975 Specification for water for lead-acid batteries
BS 6133:1995 Code of practice for safe operation of lead-acid stationary batteries
BS 6287:1982 Code of practice for safe operation of traction batteries
BS 6290-2:1999 Lead-acid stationary cells and batteries. Specification for the high-performance Planté positive type
BS 6290-3:1999 Lead-acid stationary cells and batteries. Specification for the flat positive plate type
BS 6290-4:1997 Lead-acid stationary cells and batteries. Specification for classifying valve regulated types
BS 7481:1992 Code of practice for testing venting systems and shields for lead-acid starter batteries
BS 7483:1991 Specification for lead-acid batteries for the propulsion of light electric vehicles
BS 6G 205-1:1995 Secondary batteries for aircraft. Specification for lead-acid batteries
BS EN 50342:2001 Lead-acid starter batteries. General requirements, methods of test and numbering
BS EN 60095-2:1993 Lead-acid starter batteries. Dimensions of batteries and dimensions and marking of terminals
BS EN 60095-4:1993 Lead-acid starter batteries. Dimensions of batteries for heavy commercial vehicles
BS EN 60254-1:1997, IEC 60254-1:1997 Lead-acid traction batteries. General requirements and methods of test
BS EN 60254-2:1997 Lead-acid traction batteries. Dimensions of cells and terminals and marking of polarity on cells
BS EN 60896-1:1992, IEC 60896-1:1987 Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Vented types
BS EN 60896-2:1996, IEC 60896-2:1995 Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Valve regulated types
BS EN 60896-11:2003 Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Vented types. General requirements and methods of tests
BS EN 61044:1993, IEC 61044:1990 Opportunity-charging of lead-acid traction batteries
BS EN 61056-1:1993, IEC 61056-1:1991 Portable lead-acid cells and batteries (valve-regulated types). General requirements, functional characteristics. Methods of test
BS EN 61056-1:2003 Portable lead-acid cells and batteries (valve-regulated types). General requirements, functional characteristics. Methods of test
BS EN 61056-2:1997, IEC 61056-2:1994 Portable lead-acid cells and batteries (valve-regulated types). Dimensions, terminals and markings
BS EN 61056-2:2003 Portable lead-acid cells and batteries (valve-regulated types). Dimensions, terminals and marking
BS EN 61429:1997, IEC 61429:1995 Marking of secondary cells and batteries with the international recycling symbol ISO 7000-1135
88/74677 DC Aerospace series. Lead acid batteries for aircraft. General standard (prEN 3199)
99/200338 DC Aircraft batteries. Part 1. General test requirements and performance levels (IEC document 21/466/CD)
00/201034 DC BS EN 60896-1 Ed.2. Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1. Vented types (IEC Document 21/487/CD)
00/202302 DC BS EN 60952-2, Ed.2. Aircraft batteries. Part 2. Design and construction requirements (IEC Document 21/509/CD)
00/202303 DC BS EN 60952-3, Ed. 2. Aircraft batteries. Part 3. External electrical connectors (IEC Document 21/510/CD)
03/107988 DC IEC 60254-1. Lead-acid traction batteries. Part 1. General requirements and methods of tests
BS 440:1964 Specification for stationary batteries (lead-acid Planté positive type) for general electrical purposes
BS 2550:1971 Specification for lead-acid traction batteries for battery electric vehicles and trucks
BS 2550:1983 Specification for lead-acid traction batteries
BS 3031:1972 Specification for sulphuric acid for use in lead-acid batteries
BS 3911:Part 1:1982 Lead-acid starter batteries for internal combustion engines. Specification for batteries requiring regular maintenance
BS 3911:Part 2:1987 Lead-acid starter batteries for internal combustion engines. Specification for maintenance-free and low-maintenance batteries
BS 4945:1973 Specification for miners' cap lamp assemblies (incorporating lead-acid type batteries)
BS 6133:1982 Code of practice for safe operation of lead-acid stationary cells and batteries
BS 6133:1985 Code of practice for safe operation of lead-acid stationary cells and batteries
BS 6290:Part 1:1983 Lead-acid stationary cells and batteries. Specification for general requirements
BS 6290-2:1984 Lead-acid stationary cells and batteries. Specification for lead-acid high performance Planté´ positive type
BS 6290-3:1986 Lead-acid stationary cells and batteries. Specification for lead-acid pasted positive plate type
BS 6290:Part 4:1987 Lead-acid stationary cells and batteries. Specification for lead-acid valve regulated sealed type
BS 6745:Part 1:1986 Portable lead-acid cells and batteries. Specification for performance, design and construction of valve regulated sealed type
BS AU 118:1965 Recommendations for the storage, shipment and maintenance of lead acid batteries for motor vehicles
BS 3G 205:1983 Specification for lead-acid and nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries
BS 4G 205:Part 1:1987 Secondary batteries for aircraft. Specification for lead-acid batteries
BS 5G 205:Part 1:1990 Secondary batteries for aircraft. Specification for lead-acid batteries
BS EN 60095-1:1993 Lead-acid starter batteries. General requirements and methods of test
Photovoltaic Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
IEC 61427:1999 Secondary cells for solar photovoltaic energy systems General requirements and test methods
99/240906 DC BS EN 50314-1. Photovoltaic systems. Charge regulators. Part 1. Safety. Test requirements and procedures
99/240907 DC BS EN 50314-2. Photovoltaic systems. Charge regulators. Part 2. EMC. Test requirements and procedures
99/240908 DC BS EN 50314-3. Photovoltaic systems. Charge regulators. Part 3. Performance. Test requirements and procedures
99/240909 DC BS EN 50315-1. Accumulators for use in photovoltaic systems. Part 1. Safety. Test requirements and procedures
99/240910 DC BS EN 50315-2. Accumulators for use in photovoltaic systems. Part 1. Performance. Test requirements and procedures
Safety Standards
Standard Number Title
IEC 61508 The IEC requirements for the functional safety of Electrical/Electronic/Programmable Electronic Safety Related Systems
BS EN 1175-1:1998 Safety of industrial trucks. Electrical requirements. General requirements for battery powered trucks
BS EN 45510-2-3:2000 Guide for the procurement of power station equipment. Electrical equipment. Stationary batteries and chargers
BS EN 50272-2:2001 Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations. Stationary batteries
BS EN60950-1: 2002 Low Voltage Directive (Safety)
IEC/TR2 61430:1997 Test methods for determining the performance of devices designed for reducing explosion hazards - Lead-acid batteries
IEC62133:2002 Secondary batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made of them, for use in portable applications
IEC/TR2 61438:1996 Possible safety and health hazards in the use of alkaline secondary cells and batteries - Guide to equipment manufacturers and users
ANSI C18.2M Safety Requirements for Portable Rechargeable Cells and Batteries
UL 2054 Safety Requirements for Household and Commercial Batteries
EN 45011 General requirements for bodies operating product certification schemes
EAS The UK Electrotechnical Assessment Scheme (Electrical installation safety standards managed by the IEE)
BS 2754 Memorandum. Construction of electrical equipment for protection against electric shock
STRD Low Voltage Directive

The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994 SI 1994 No. 3260 Implementing Directive 73/23/EEC (The Low Voltage Directive - LVD)

IEC 479-1 Effects of current on human beings and livestock
IEEE 80 2000 IEEE Guide for Safety in AC Substation Grounding
HSG 85 HSE publication. Electricity at Work. Safe Working Practices
NFPA 70E-1995 Standard for Electrical Safety Requirements for Employee Workplaces
OSHA - 29 CFR 1910, Subpart S, Electrical Electrical industry safe occupational working standards
ATEX Directive 94/9EC EN70079

Guidelines for equipment intended for use in potentially Explosive Atmospheres (ATEX)

Automotive Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
QS 9000 The ISO 9000 derivative for suppliers to the automotive industry. Developed in the USA by Ford, General Motors and Daimler Chrysler
ISO/TS16949:2002 Updated Technical Specification aligning US and European automotive quality supply chain standards
IEC 61982-1 Test parameters
IEC 61982-2:2002 Dynamic discharge performance test and dynamic endurance test
IEC 61982-3:2001 Performance and life testing (traffic compatible, urban use vehicles)
ISO11898 Specification for the CAN Bus
ISO 9141(4) Specification for the LIN Bus
SAE J240 Life Test for Automotive Storage Batteries
SAE J537 Storage Batteries
SAE J551 Performance levels and methods of measurement of electromagnetic radiation from vehicles and devices (30 to 1000 MHz)
SAE J1127 Battery Cable
SAE J1455 Recommended Environmental Practice for Heavy-Duty Trucks
SAE J1718 Measurement of Hydrogen Gas Emission From Battery-Powered Passenger Cars and Light Trucks During Battery Charging
SAE J1742 Connections for High Voltage On-Board Road Vehicle Electrical Wiring Harnesses-Test Methods and General Performance Requirements
SAE J1766 Recommended Practice for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Systems Crash Integrity Testing (Work in progress)
SAE J1772 SAE Electric Vehicle Conductive Charge Coupler
SAE J1773 SAE Electric Vehicle Inductively Coupled Charging
SAE J1797 Recommended Practice for Packaging of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules
SAE J1798 Recommended Practice for Performance Rating of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules
SAE J1811 Power Cable Terminals
SAE J1939

The SAE specification for the CAN Bus

SAE J2185 Life Test for Heavy-Duty Storage Batteries
SAE J2288 Life Cycle Testing of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules
SAE J2289 Electric Drive Battery Pack System Functional Guidelines
SAE J2293 Energy Transfer System for Electric Vehicles
SAE J2344 Guidelines for Electric Vehicle Safety
SAE J2380 Vibration Testing of Electric Vehicle Batteries
SAE J2464 Electric Vehicle Battery Abuse Testing
SAE J2602 The SAE specification for the LIN Bus
PowerNet 42V Automotive industry consortium standard for 42 Volt batteries
BCI Battery Technical Manual Automotive Lead Acid battery test procedures
BCI Battery Service Manual General information about manufacturing and using automotive batteries.
BCI Test Specifications Small Deep Cycling Batteries, Deep Cycle Marine/RV Batteries, Batteries for Golf Cars, Floor Maintenance Machinery
ECE 100 Construction and functional safety requirements for battery electric vehicles
ECE-15 UN/EEC driving load profile (See Battery Load Testing)
EUDC UN/EEC Extra Urban Driving Cycle
NEDC New European Driving Cycle (Modified cold start - No warm up) Also called the MVEG-B test
FUDS Federal Urban Driving Schedule (USABC Load profile)
SAE J227a/C and D SAE Driving Schedules
DST Dynamic Stress Test (USABC battery test schedule)
2004/104/EC European EMC Automotive Regulation
Aircraft Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
99/200338 DC Aircraft batteries. Part 1. General test requirements and performance levels (IEC document 21/466/CD)
00/202302 DC BS EN 60952-2, Ed.2. Aircraft batteries. Part 2. Design and construction requirements (IEC Document 21/509/CD)
00/202303 DC BS EN 60952-3, Ed. 2. Aircraft batteries. Part 3. External electrical connectors (IEC Document 21/510/CD)
Military Standards for Batteries, Software, EMC/RFI, Safety & Quality
Standard Number Title
DEF STAN 61-3

Generic specification for batteries, non-rechargeable, primary

Replaced by DEF STAN 61-21

DEF STAN 61-9

Generic specification for batteries, rechargeable, secondary

Replaced by DEF STAN 61-21

DEF STAN 61-17 Requirements for the selection of batteries for service equipment
DEF STAN 61-21 General specification for batteries. (Includes a long series of supplements for individual battery types) Replaces DEF STAN 61-3 and 61-9
DEF STAN 00-40 Reliability and Maintainability
DEF STAN 00-55 Requirements for Safety Related Software in defence equipment
DEF STAN 00-56 Safety Management Requirements for defence systems
DEF STAN 05-91

Quality System Requirements for Design/Development, Production and Installation.

DEF STAN 05-95 Quality System Requirements for the Design, Development, Supply and Maintenance of Software.
DEF STAN 05-97 Requirements for Deliverable Quality Plans.
DEF STAN 08-46 The Electric, Magnetic and Electromagnetic Environment.
DEF STAN 59-41 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
MIL-STD-461 D Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic Interference Emissions and Susceptibility
MIL-STD-461 E Requirements for the control of electromagnetic interference characteristics of subsystems and equipment
MIL-STD-462 D Measurement of Electromagnetic Interference Characteristics
Radio Battery Standards
Standard Number Title
EIA/TIA 603 1993 Land Mobile FM or PM Communications Equipment, Measurement and Performance Standard (Battery duty cycles)
NIJ Standard - 0211.01 1995 Rechargeable Batteries for Personal/Portable Transceivers
Standby Power Systems Standards
Standard Number Title
ANSI/IEEE 450-2002 IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications
ANSI/IEEE 1184-1994 IEEE Recommended Guide for Selection and Sizing Batteries for Uninterruptible Power Supply, (UPS)
ANSI/IEEE 1188-1996 IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA) Batteries for Stationary Applications
IEC 60896-1 1987 Stationary Battery Tests
BS 6290 1999 Stationary Battery Tests

IEC 62040-3

ENV 50091-3

Standards for different UPS Topologies and Methods of Performance Measurement ( V indicates a prestandard)
NFPA 111 1989 Standard for Stored Electrical Energy Emergency and Standby Power Systems
Software Standards
Standard Number Title
ISO/IEC 12207 Standard for software life cycle processes
MISRA C 1998 Guidelines for the use of the C language in vehicle based software. Derived from IEC 61508 Functional Safety Standards (See above)
  See also Military Standards above
EMC/RFI Standards
Standard Number Title
  See Military Standards above
Ingress Protection (IP) Standards
Standard Number Title
ANSI/IEC 60529-2004 Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosures (IP Code)
Battery Monitoring Standards
Standard Number Title
IEC/TR 61431 1995 Guide for the use of monitor systems for lead-acid traction batteries
IEC/TR 62060 2001 Secondary cells and batteries - Monitoring of lead acid stationary batteries - User guide
Battery Recycling and Disposal Standards
Standard Number Title
EEC Directive 91/157 Batteries and accumulators containing certain dangerous substances. (Currently being revised)
BS EN 61429:1997, IEC 61429:1995 Marking of secondary cells and batteries with the international recycling symbol ISO 7000-1135
Other Related Electrical Standards
Standard Number Title
BS 7671:2001 The IEE Wiring Regulations (UK)
NFPA 70 1993 National Electrical Code (USA)
UL 1310 Safety of Class 2 Power Supplies, AC Adapters and Battery Chargers - Testing
ISO 7176-4 1997
ANSI/RESNA WC04
Wheelchairs -- Part 4: Energy consumption of electric wheelchairs and scooters for determination of theoretical distance range
BS EN 60598-2-22:1999 Luminaires. Particular requirements. Luminaires for emergency lighting
Quality Standards
Standard Number Title
ISO 9000:2000 Quality management systems. Fundamentals and vocabulary
ISO 14001:1996 Environmental management systems. Specification with guidance for use
ISO 2859-0:1995 Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes
ANSI/ASQC Z1.4 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes

 

 

 

 

 

 

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